May 16, 2014

Basketball Fouls, Violation and Referee Signal.


Defensive Blocking Foul - This foul is called whenever a defensive player, who has not established "Clear position", either makes strong contact with an offensive player  or is contacted (i.e. run through or knocked down) by an offensive player. Defensive position: A defensive player's body is completely set and fully in front of the offensive player when contact is made.

Offensive Foul (Charge) - This foul is called when an offensive player, while dribbling the ball, runs through or makes strong contact (seemingly out of control) with a defensive player who has established clear position.

Pushing Foul - This foul is called when a player (regardless of team) initiates strong contact against an opposing player by pushing(extension of arms)

Holding Foul - This is called whenever a player on the court, regardless of team, holds a player on the opposing team during game-play


Traveling Violation - This is called whenever an offensive player stops his dribble and takes:
1.) One step without passing the ball(keep in mind that each player has a pivot foot that allows them to change direction.) A player may move one foot anywhere so long as the pivot foot remains still.
2.) two steps without shooting the ball.

Double Dribble Violation -  The whistle is blown and play is stopped whenever an offensive who has been dribbling the ball, picks up his dribble and then begins the dribble again. The other occasion for a double dribble shall be called whenever a player places both hands  on the ball during a dribbling progression.

3 Seconds Lane Violation - This is called whenever an offensive player has one or  both feet in the lane for more than 3 seconds without removing completely out of the lane(both feet) The referee should watch for any offensive player who steps in the lane and begin counting. Counting stops when the players in question's  team shoots the ball.

5 Seconds Violation - This can be called on 2 occasions:
1.) Whenever a player fails to inbound the ball from the sidelines (keep in mind, as soon as the player throwing the ball in receives the ball, the referee should begin counting.
2.) Whenever an offensive player picks up his dribble and holds the ball more than 5 seconds without passing, or shooting.

10 Seconds Call - This called whenever a team, who has possession of the ball on their opponents half fails to make it across the half-court line before the referee reaches his 10-second count. Whenever a team obtains possession of the ball in their opponents half of the court, the trail referee should  immediately begin his 10-second count.

Over and Back Violation - This violation is called whenever a team that has possession of the ball on their side of the court loses possession and the ball travels backwards across the half-court time. This violation is only valid so long as the team that had possession when the ball was lost was the last team to touch it before it crossed the line (the also have to be the first team to touch the ball) Balls deflected by the defense do not apply.


Jump Ball - This is called whenever 2 or more players (at least one from each team) has his hands on the ball but cannot claim clear possession of the ball.

3-Point Shot Attempt - As soon as the shot is taken, raise one hand straight up showing 3 fingers (Note: No whistle is required)

No Good - This is signaled whenever a player, taking a shot at the end of a quarter or game regulation misses the attempt.

Proper Way to Report a Foul.
1.) Be sure to blow the whistle loudly (short sharp blast).
2.) At the same time you blow the whistle, one hand goes up signaling stoppage of play while the other hand points to the player in question.
3.) Make your way to score table and clearly report all elements. a) team color b.) player number c.) foul and result(out of bounds or free throws)

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